A cosmetician exfoliates the skin using a mechanical or enzyme exfoliant. Mechanical exfoliants have a gritty texture that rubs away the surface dead skin cells. Enzyme exfoliants contain enzymes which loosen the bond between skin cells making them easier to remove off of the skin's surface.
Application of Toner, Serums and Moisturizer
This is the last step in a facial. Toner is used to restore skin's pH balance after using a cleanser because cleansers raise the skin's natural pH to a level that isn't good for your skin. Serums are highly concentrated with anti-aging and other beneficial ingredients for your skin. Moisturizer locks in the moisture – hydrates the skin, it can also mattify the skin. Most of moisturizers are also appropriate as a base for makeup.